How do you become resident or even a citizen in Italy? I thought I would provide some summarised information to help new arrivals and British nationals alike.
(This article was originally published in february 2020, updated in May and October 2020)
This is especially relevant for British nationals since Brexit
This is a guide for European citizens within the European Union, including British nationals with transition period-rights while Britain is leaving the EU, up until 31 December 2020.
A European citizen has a right to stay in any one of the 27 European nations that make up the European Union.
Residency in Italy
This practical guidance is relevant for :
*all EU citizens wanting to stay in Italy for more than 3 months;
*British nationals wanting to maintain or acquire residency rights to stay in Italy beyond 31 December 2020 ;
The Italian residency application can be made in person or by an authorised representative, at the Commune’s Anagrafe office near your Italian residential address.
Update: there is special assistance available for the elderly British and those British citizens affected by Brexit who cannot attend the commune: To contact the International Office for Migration (IOM).
The basic requirements to apply are;
*Evidence of local address, either rental contract, purchase contract or letter by a host at that address;
*Health insurance valid for a year; only if you are not already registered with the local health authority, (ASL) and don’t have a health card (tessera sanitaria);
*Financial resources evidence – a recent bank statement in your name showing funds of at least €4,200 per person is usually sufficient. (Update: not required for British citizens already with recorded residence in Italy at the local commune)
However note that each municipality can have slightly varied requirements from this list.
You will receive the residence document likely described as ‘Attestazione di Iscrizione Anagrafica’ within 2-5 days.
New residents who register in this way should expect a local Police officer to attend the residential address within 45 days of application.
*Please note this is a Basic Guide. Update: You should research at least online for your local Comune’s requirements, and you should also expect to have a Codice Fiscale ready to show the Comune as well.
After 31 December 2020.
British nationals applying to be resident in Italy after 31 December 2020 will be required to follow the same process currently applicable to non-EU citizens (application for il Permesso di Soggiorno).
If you are married to an Italian citizen, the visa requirements for Italy are typically much easier.
British citizens who have been registered resident of Italy for 4 years or more at 31 December 2020, and who apply for citizenship before that date, will be considered for citizenship applications as if they were still an EU citizen. Four years is the normal minimum residency time period for EU citizens.
For non-EU citizens 10 years is the standard minimum residency timeframe. This will apply to new citizenship applications by British nationals in Italy, after 31 December 2020.
Its important to note that becoming resident for tax purposes for the first time in Italy this year will also allow you the opportunity to take advantage of significant new tax concessions available in Italy to new residents.
These include the reduced income tax payable on foreign incomes for those retiring to certain parts of Italy (7% tax rate), the inbound workers significant tax cuts introduced in 2019 to encourage working people includingentrepreneurs, professors and researchers,to come to Italy from 2020 (which exempts from tax employment incomes by 70-90% for at least 5 years), and the New Tax Resident flat-tax regime for higher income earners.